Monday, July 16, 2012

Origins of History of Jakarta

Origins of History of Jakarta

Origins of History of Jakarta

History of Jakarta - The port city is located in the Bay of Jakarta in the Ciliwung River, the port of Sunda Kelapa closely related to the historical origins of the city of Jakarta, which is a very important trading center since the 12th century until the 16th century.
Since 1511 the Portuguese were already entrenched on land of Malacca. Attention of the Portuguese to berdagangan, well received by the King of Sunda Kelapa juxtaposition of the master at that. For help in dealing with people who at that time Islam has many followers in Punjab and in Cirebon. At the same time it has become a center of power Demak Islam.
Later in forged a cooperation agreement between the king of alignment with the Portuguese in 1522. The agreement stated that the Portuguese people allow establishing forts in the Sunda Kelapa. A monument built on the banks of the river Ciliwung, marking the treaty.

But the agreement were not acceptable to the Islamic kingdom in Demak. Who was at the height of its power. Then the Sultan sent his armies Demak under the leadership of law called Fatahillah.
Fatahillah troops succeeded in occupying the Port of Palm Sunda in 1527. When the Portuguese arrived, the troops destroyed Fatahillah, the remnants of the Portuguese fleet fled to Malacca. Then the victory, Fatahillah Sunda Kelapa be renamed Jayakarta, meaning "Winning The Berjaya", according to calculations, it occurred on June 22, 1527. That is why the day is defined as the anniversary of Jakarta.
Population DiversitySuez Canal opened in 1870 to shorten the lessons from Europe to Asia. Since then, many Dutch people to come to Indonesia. They came with their families and bring the results of the technology at that time among other cars, motorcycles and trains, riding the trend, public transportation that has existed since 1869.
Indonesia at the time was the dream destination of the Netherlands. Presuming this is where they can become rich, because the fertile soil produces tobacco, tea, coffee, oil palm, rubber and minerals to be transported to Europe.
The labor can be done to process the natural wealth, the Dutch took the indigenous people who are getting poorer. Indigenous people is still inadequate by the Dutch, so that the import of people Keeling (India) in addition to the Chinese people, the people who imported these same Keeling fate and misery of people contract laborers. For the history Keeling appeared in the waning years of history up to now only a little seed in the East Sumatra. They do not semantap Chinese people who work in the plantations.
Besides, the people of Saudi Arabia menjajahkan feet since the 15th century. Generally it comes to trade. Arabs expertise was utilized by the Dutch colonial. Arabs same position with the Chinese people.
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