Monday, July 16, 2012

"HISTORY OF MUSIC keroncong"


"HISTORY OF MUSIC keroncong"

Category: History of music

Keroncong come from similar rootsPortuguese music known as fado is introduced by the sailors and the slave trade ships since the 16th century to the archipelago. From mainland India (Goa) was first entered music in the Malacca and then played by the slaves of the Moluccas. The weakening influence of the Portuguese in the 17th century in the archipelago does not necessarily mean the loss of this music as well. This early form of music called Moresco, accompanied by a stringed musical instrument.Keroncong music coming from the monument called the monument Keroncong. During its development, it makes a number of traditional elements of the archipelago, such as the use of the flute as well as some components of the gamelan. At about the 19th century musical form of this mixture waspopular in many places in the archipelago, even down toMalay Peninsula.
This golden era continuesuntil sometime in the 1960s, and then faded due to the inclusion of a wave of popular music (rock music that developed since 1950, and victories Beatle music and the like since 1961 until now). Even so, the music still keroncongstill played and enjoyed by all walks of lifein Indonesia and Malaysia until now.
Musical instrument usedKeroncong In its mostearly, accompanied by music Morescostrings, such as violin, ukulele, andcello. Percussion is also sometimesis used. Set the orchestra of this kind are still used by keroncong monument, which still form keroncong played by communityPortuguese descendants of slavesKampung Ambon living in Monument, North Jakarta.Pem-"native"-an art making keroncong mixed, with musical instruments such as:- Sitar India- Fiddle- Bamboo flute- Drums, kenong, and saron as a set of gamelan- Gong.At present, the instrument usedkeroncong in the orchestra include:- Ukulele Cuk, strings 3 (nylon),tone sequence is G, B andE;- Ukulele Cak, strings 4 (steel), tone sequence A, D, Fis, and B. So when the other instruments playing scales C, Cak play on scales F (known as in F);- Acoustic Guitar (Ukulele and Guitarreplace the Sitar);- Violin (Rebab replace);- Flute (Flute replaceBamboo);- Selo;- Contra Bass (replacing Gong).Rhythm keeper held by Ukulele and Bass. Guitars and cello set the transition chords. Violin melody serves as a guide, as well as decorations / ornaments. Flutefilling ornaments, which floating melodies fill the empty space. Keroncong form mixed with popular music nowusing organ and synthesizer to accompany the songkeroncong.
"People Keroncong"Indonesia is one of the characters has a considerable contribution in raising keroncong music is late. Gesang. The man from the city of Surakarta (Solo) this year to even get any compensation from the Japanese government for successfully introducing keroncong music there. One of the most famous song is "Solo". Because of that dedication, alm. Gesang nicknamed "Crocodile Keroncong" by the personnel of keroncong Indonesia, called for keroncong music experts."Crocodile Keroncong"Origin of the name "CrocodileKeroncong "revolves around his songs, Solo.Solo is the name of the river in that areaSurakarta. As is known, has a crocodile in the swamp and the river habitat. The largest reptile inhabitat is almost unbeatable, as it becomes a vicious predator. The underlying supposition that sort of thing is why late. Gesang referred to as the "Crocodile Keroncong".
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